BEING PREGNANT TREATMENTS
A pregnancy can be diagnosed through several methods, blood and urine test for the presence of beta-hCG which is known as the pregnancy hormone. A home pregnancy test is a form of qualitative pregnancy test than can determine the presence of hCG and definitively give a positive or negative result. Most home pregnancy tests have limitations and cannot detect levels of hCG to determine pregnancy until 7-10 days after a missed period. More in depth tests can e done at the request of a physician and can measure the levels of hCG present in a woman’s blood. These tests are considered quantitative and they can be used to determine how far along a woman is into a pregnancy.
Several different types of ultrasounds can be done to determine confirm pregnancy and to monitor the health and growth of an unborn fetus. Transabdominal ultrasounds are done with a hand-held sound-wave device that is rubbed across the abdomen. The transabdominal ultrasound can help determine what stage of gestation a pregnancy is in, whether the pregnancy is inside the uterus or is an ectopic pregnancy and after 17 weeks of gestation can determine the sex of the baby. Transvaginal ultrasounds are placed inside the vagina and can be used to get a more detailed view of the woman’s service. Targeted Ultrasound tests provide greater detail of the fetus’s anatomy and are usually performed if there are developmental concerns.
One a pregnancy is confirmed by a doctor’s diagnosis at the first prenatal visit routine blood work is done to include a complete blood count (CBC), Blood type with Rh status and antibody testing, urine culture, in African American sickle cell screening, as well as STD checks to include syphilis, HIV test, and hepatitis B. A pelvic exam is routine in which cultures will be taken for STDs that can be harmful to babies such as gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Later into the pregnancy at about 35 weeks another culture is taken for Group B step. Many medications are not safe for use during pregnancy so prior to taking any medications a doctor should be consulted to ensure they are safe. A normal healthy pregnancy is not considered an illness and most women are under a doctor’s care for prenatal visits to monitor the health of mother and baby. Normal visits occur about once per month during the first and second trimester and become more frequent during the third trimester. Normal medications during pregnancy are prenatal vitamins, folic acid supplements or iron as needed based on the woman’s bodily needs.