COLON CANCER IN WOMEN TREATMENTS
The prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of colon cancer in women are the generally the same for men to include annual screenings, good diet and exercise to lower the risk of developing colon cancer or detect benign conditions before developing into cancers. Diets high in fat and red meat are known as contributing factors to developing colorectal cancer and women should limit their intake of such items. Studies also have shown women who have used birth control pills or post menopausal hormone therapy for at least five years have a lower risk for colon cancer. However, the uses of both birth control and hormonal therapies have been attributed to an increase in incidence of other cancers such as ovarian and breast cancer. Common tests that can detect colon cancers are usually started at the age of 50 and even earlier if you fall into a group of individuals who are at higher risk of colon cancer. Those high risk groups include those with previous colon polyps, a family history of colorectal cancers or a previous personal history of cancer. Digital rectal exams should be performed yearly and stool specimens such as fecal occult stool specimens to detect the presence of blood in stool should be done. Sigmoidscopies and colonoscopies are recommended every 10 years. The colonoscopy is a procedure in which a long scope is used to evaluate the colon and rectum. Suspicious growths can be biopsied and undergo laboratory analysis for the determination of colon cancer.
Once colon cancer is diagnosed normal treatment includes surgery and chemo or radiation therapies. Small tumors that have not metastasized may be removed through surgery. Removal of the tumor and nearby lymph nodes to prevent further spreading is the common method. Cancerous sections of the colon are removed and the colon and rectum are reconnected. If the rectum is completely removed a stoma may be created for expulsion of waste. A stoma is performed by an incision in the abdomen that will allow waste to be removed from the body and collected into a colostomy bag. abdomen is used to void waste.
Chemotherapy drugssuch as Xeloda, Camptosar, or Fildena are commonly used as treatment for various stages of colorectal cancers. Other drugs often used in combination with chemo drugs work to block the blood and protein supply cancer’s need for growth. These drugs are categorized as immunotherapy or biological therapy medications. Radiation therapy is consists of high-energy rays to destroy cancer cells, often performed after surgery to destroy any cancer cells that may be remaining. Sometimes it is one before surgery in attempts to shrink larger tumors in an effort to have a less complicated therapy. Side effects associated with radiation treatment are bowel obstruction and increased bleeding. Once cancer is sent into remission regular follow-ups and screenings are required to check for reoccurrence of the cancer, but most live regular lives after treatment is concluded.